The Prime Minister’s address to the nation: STAY AT HOME, PROTECT THE NHS, SAVE LIVES

‘I want to thank you, the people of this country, for the sheer grit and guts, you have shown and are continuing
to show every day.

‘I know that this virus brings new sadness and mourning to households across the land. It is still true that this
is the biggest single challenge this country has faced since the war and I in no way minimise the continuing
problems we face.

‘And yet it is also true that we are making progress: with fewer hospital admissions, fewer Covid patients in
ICU, and real signs now that we are passing through the peak.

‘And thanks to your forbearance, your good sense, your altruism, your spirit of community, thanks to our
collective national resolve, we are on the brink of achieving that first clear mission to prevent our National
Health Service from being overwhelmed, in a way that tragically we have seen elsewhere. And that is how
and why we are now beginning to turn the tide.

‘If this virus were a physical assailant, an unexpected and invisible mugger – which I can tell you from
personal experience it is – then this is the moment when we have begun together to wrestle it to the floor.
‘And so it follows that this is the moment of opportunity. This is the moment when we can press home our

‘It is also the moment of maximum risk.

‘Because I know that there will be many people looking now at our apparent success and beginning to wonder
whether now is the time to go easy on those social distancing measures.
‘And I know how hard and how stressful it has been to give up, even temporarily, those ancient and basic
freedoms: not seeing friends, not seeing loved ones, working from home, managing the kids, worrying about
your job and your firm.

‘So let me say directly also to British business, to the shopkeepers, to the entrepreneurs, to the hospitality
sector, to everyone on whom our economy depends. I understand your impatience. I share your anxiety.
‘And I know that without our private sector, without the drive and commitment of the wealth creators of this
country, there will be no economy to speak of. There will be no cash to pay for our public services, no way of
funding our NHS. And yes I can see the long term consequences of lock down as clearly as anyone, and so
yes I entirely share your urgency. It’s the government’s urgency.

‘And yet we must also recognise the risk of a second spike, the risk of losing control of that virus and letting
the reproduction rate go back over one.

‘Because that would mean not only a new wave of death and disease but also an economic disaster. And we
would be forced once again to slam on the brakes across the whole country, and the whole economy, and
reimpose restrictions in such a way as to do more and lasting damage.
‘And so I know it is tough, and I want to get this economy moving as fast as I can, but I refuse to throw away
all the effort and the sacrifice of the British people and to risk a second major outbreak and huge loss of life
and the overwhelming of the NHS. I ask you to contain your impatience because I believe we are coming now
to the end of the first phase of this conflict. And in spite of all the suffering, we have so nearly succeeded.

‘We defied so many predictions – we did not run out of ventilators or ICU beds, we did not allow our NHS to
collapse, and on the contrary we have so far collectively shielded our NHS, so that our incredible doctors and
nurses and healthcare staff have been able to shield all of us from an outbreak that would have been far worse.
And we collectively flattened the peak.

‘When we are sure that this first phase is over and that we are meeting our five tests: deaths falling, NHS
protected, rate of infection down, really sorting out the challenges of testing and PPE, avoiding a second peak.
Then that will be the time to move on to the second phase, in which we continue to suppress the disease and
keep the reproduction rate, the R rate, down, but begin gradually to refine the economic and social restrictions.
And one by one to fire up the engines of this vast UK economy.

‘And in that process, difficult judgments will be made, and we simply cannot spell out now how fast or slow
or even when those changes will be made, though clearly the government will be saying much more about this
in the coming days.

‘I want to serve notice now that these decisions will be taken with the maximum possible transparency. I want
to share all our working and our thinking, my thinking, with you the British people – and of course, we will
be relying as ever on the science to inform us, as we have from the beginning.

‘But we will also be reaching out to build the biggest possible consensus across business, across industry,
across all parts of our United Kingdom, across party lines, bringing in opposition parties as far as we possibly
can because I think that is no less than what the British people would expect.

‘I can tell you now that preparations are under way, and have been for weeks, to allow us to win Phase Two
of this fight as I believe we are now on track to prevail in Phase One.

‘So I say to you finally, if you can keep going in the way that you have kept going so far. If you can help
protect our NHS, to save lives. And if we as a country can show the same spirit of optimism and energy shown
by Captain Tom Moore – who turns 100 this week – if we can show the same spirit of unity and determination
as we have all shown in the past six weeks then I have absolutely no doubt that we will beat it together.
‘We will come through this all the faster. And the United Kingdom will emerge stronger than ever before.’